Chemical Reaction Complex Processes
Advanced Energy Utilization Division Chemical Reaction Complex Processes Research Section
Professor : Toshiyuki NOHIRA
Associate Professor : Tsutomu KODAKI
Program-Specific Associate Professor : Kenji KAWAGUCHI
Assistant Professor : Takayuki YAMAMOTO
We are studying materials and systems to realize renewable energies like photovoltaics and bioenergy as the major primary energy source for human beings. We are conducting innovative researches that cover the phases from basic research to applications mainly based on electrochemistry and biochemistry.
Development of new production processes for solar silicon utilizing molten salt electrolysis
Crystalline silicon solar cells are the most spreading in the world owing to the advantages of high efficiency, high durability, harmlessness for the environment, and abundant resources. Naturally, they are expected to play a major role in the era of full-fledged dissemination of solar cells. However, high purity silicon (or solar-grade silicon, 6N purity), which is necessary for the solar cells, is currently produced by a similar method that was developed for the production of semiconductor-grade silicon (11N purity). A new production method of solar-grade silicon is required because the conventional production method has the disadvantages of low energy efficiency, low productivity, and high cost. From this background, we have proposed a new production method of silicon from the purified silica (SiO2) feedstock by using molten salt electrolysis. We have already verified the principle of the method, and are now tackling the development of continuous electrolysis process and the improvement of purity. Also, we have proposed a new production method of crystalline silicon film by molten salt electroplating. For this method, we have already confirmed the principle as well. We are now taking on the improvement of fi lm quality and the utilization of SiCl4 as a silicon source.
A new production method of solar-grade silicon by the electrochemical reduction of silica in molten salt
A new production method of silicon films for solar cells by the molten slat electroplating
Highly efficient energy production from biomass
The more efficient use of biomass is demanded to solve the global crises such as exhaustion of fossil fuel and global warming. We focus on the highly efficient production of ethanol from biomass using genetic engineering.
Strategy for construction of efficient ethanol production system from biomass.
Development of next-generation batteries using highly-safe ionic liquid electrolytes
Renewable energy resources such as solar and wind power are intermittent resources, and their power generations are largely dependent on the weather. Thus, introduction of a large amount of renewable energy requires large-scale power storage systems such as large-sized batteries. Although current lithium-ion batteries are candidates for large-sized batteries, scarce resources (lithium, cobalt) and flammable electrolytes (organic solvents) are used as main components, which will be a major barrier for the widespread distribution in the future. Therefore, we are now developing next-generation batteries utilizing abundant resources (sodium, potassium, etc.) and safer electrolytes (ionic liquids).
Principle of potassium-ion battery